Nepal is a small mountainous country wedged between India and China (Tibet), nestled on the southern range of the Himalayan mountains.
Because of its altitude, Nepal is often known as the ‘roof of the world’, given that it contains some of the highest mountains on the Earth, including of course Mount Everest (8848 m).
Nepal is therefore very mountainous in regions, and very rural. It is also a very religious country, demonstrated everywhere by numerous statues of various gods.
However, behind these spectacular geographical and cultural aspects, which explain the success of tourism in this country, there is a different and difficult social reality, as the following figures show:
Life expectancy : 58
Average age : 43 % of Nepalis are under 15.
Average number of children per mother: 5 or 6
Infant mortality : 6.7 % (one of the highest in Asia)
1 death out of 2 in Nepal is due to tuberculosis
10,000 Nepalis each year suffer from malaria
Only 1 doctor for 16,830 peoples (in France, 1 for every 350)
Only 100 dentists in Nepal
Average monthly salary: 3000 Nepali rupies (about €40)
56 % of the population is illiterate
60 % of children work and never attend school
Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world. Numerous children are orphans, abandoned, or left to cope for themselves as their families cannot give them a future, unable to pay for an education for them.